Citizen science and governance models

By Yanina Bellini Saibene in English Community 100DaysToOffload

January 7, 2024

Field day at INTA. INTA's researcher showing soil trials and other related research activities and results

Field day at INTA Anguil, La Pampa. INTA’s researcher showing soil trials and other related research activities and results

Continuing with the reflections on the governance models of organizations, communities of practice and research organizations, today I want to share with you the governance model of the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) where I worked as a researcher for 24 and a half years and how this related with Citizen Science.


INTA is an Argentine federal research and extension agency in charge of the generation, adaptation and diffusion of technologies, knowledge and learning procedures for the agriculture, forest and agro-industrial activities within an ecologically clean environment. It was created in 1956 and have 44 experimental agricultural stations and 240 extension units around the country. It is the research institution with the largest territorial presence in our country.

After the return to democracy in 1983, in 1986 the president issued Decree 287, which modified the law that created INTA. The most important modifications were the decentralization of the institute’s operations and the participation in its management of the different sectors involved in the generation and adoption of technology in each unit.

The decree makes it clear that “In the regional operating units, the balanced participation of the different sectors of agricultural production, provincial governments, universities and the scientific-technical community in their management will ensure the correspondence between the activities of the units and local problems.


The INTA has a directive board composed of members of both the public and the private sector and with representation for different actors in the agricultural sector; they define the politics at national level. The national direction executes the planning of the board, assisted by the organization and administration technical areas.

Each Regional and Research Center has a Regional Board of Directors that defines the strategy at the regional level aligned with the national policy. I was the first female member of the Natural Resource Research Center, representing researchers who work at the experimental stations.

Finally, the Experimental Stations and Extension Agencies have Local Advisory Councils with the representation of local actors in the sector. All these governance bodies meet every month. The National and Regional boards participate in the definition of the budget, the long- and medium-term strategic plan, and the hiring of personnel.

For example, a regional board of director consists of:

  • One member representing the national board of directors.
  • One member representing the province government.
  • One member representing the universities.
  • One member representing the science-academic sector (different from the universities).
  • Three members representing the farmers.
  • One member representing the Local Advisory Councils.

Science by and for the people

Citizen Science definition say that it is research conducted with participation from the general public, or amateur/nonprofessional researchers or participants for science, social science and many other disciplines.1

Most of INTA’s work involves citizen participation; for example, many field trials and technology tests are carried out on farmers' farms developed with them or with agricultural machinery manufacturers. Many projects involve people recording field data and conducting surveys, but in my opinion letting citizens be part of the leadership of science organizations is the clearest and strongest signal that you really want them to be part of it and that their voice and opinion will be taken into account.

It is not easy; there are frictions and conflicting interests among the sectors represented, but what better than to have them at the same table, dialoguing and agreeing on what is best for all? What is better than knowing that your research and extension efforts serve the people they will affect? What is better than a science at the service of the people?

This is the way I learned to do science and the way I did science for most of my life. It’s very strange for me to see now science organizations around the world that aren’t organized this way and that don’t put citizens at the center.

Like the previous article about cooperatives, I write about INTA’s governance and share it because it is a feasible model that has been working for 38 years in one of Argentina’s largest science and technology institutions.

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Posted on:
January 7, 2024
4 minute read, 692 words
English Community 100DaysToOffload
English Community 100DaysToOffload
See Also:
Proyecto 2 - Las Estrellas del Universo R
Project 2 - The Stars of R-Universe
Project 1 - rOpenSci's Code of Conduct and Code of Conduct Committee